A boundary survey is a process carried out by a licensed land surveyor that establishes the size and physical location of a parcel of land including property lines and property corners typically witnessed by monuments or markers, such as (iron rods, pipes, nails or concrete monuments) as described in a deed. It also indicates the extent of any easements or encroachments and may show limitations imposed on the property by state or local regulations.
Boundary surveys are typically required in the following situations:
- To security mortgage loan approval or refinance on a property;
- Prior to land title being transferred;
- Prior to land being subdivided;
- Prior to land development (fences, pools, landscaping, buildings, roads, etc.);
- To help resolve inaccurate property descriptions;
- To help settle boundary disputes.